Professor Sujit Choudhry Urges a Constitutional Resolution to the Question of Catalonian Independence

In September of this year, Catalonia attempted to hold a vote on secession from Spain. The government in Madrid responded to the referendum by sending security forces to suppress voting. Catalonia generates one-fifth of Spain’s economic output.

Spain has resorted to violence to check the secessionist movement. In response to the crisis a University of California, Berkeley Professor of Law Sujit Choudhry became one of three Constitutional law scholars who authored an appeal for a peaceful and democratic solution to the issue of Catalonian independence. Choudhry has guided nine pledging democracies in constructing their constitutions. He is a founding director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions.

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The missive asks Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy not to suppress the rights of Catalonians who support independence. Catalonia’s President Carles Puigdemont was asked to demonstrate that he is in earnest when it comes to Catalonian independence.

The letter warns that anything other than a peaceful democratic resolution will have repercussions across Europe. If Spain’s oppression of Catalonia continues the principles upon which the European Union was formed could be undone.

The three constitutional scholars expressed the belief that only a fairly conducted referendum can establish the true attitudes of the majority of Catalonians with regards to independence. The letter suggests that even if the majority do not support a complete break with Spain Catalonians might support a less extreme solution to the current situation.

It was pointed out that PM Rajoy’s continued violations of the rights of Catalonian separatist are in direct violation of International Law and that the Prime Minister’s actions are an offense against Catalonia sovereignty.   A relevant article to read on

In closing the missive stated that PM Rajoy must accept Catalonia’s independence if it is the wish of the majority of its people. Secondly, if Spain’s program of oppression in Catalonia continues then oppression and violence will become the only way Spain can retain control over Catalonia. For more of his views on politically related issues, hit on

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Sujit Choudhry holds a Master of Laws degree from Harvard School of Law. He has lectured internationally and authored 10 books addressing different aspects of Constitutional Law. Mr. Choudhry is a member of the United Nation’s Mediation Roster.  Additional article on

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Sujit Choudhry’s Journey of Constitutional Expertise.

Being a hard worker, Sujit Choudhry has managed to be the best and among a few individuals that countries turn to when they are in crisis. He is the Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley and is the Dean. Sujit Choudhry was at New York University, University of Toronto serving in both institutions as a professor. As an expert in matters that involve the constitution, he has been in the lead when states want to do changes in their constitutions. He is skilled in comparative constitutional law and politics. Many countries are grateful for his wisdom offered in creating a whole rounded constitution. The countries include Egypt, Libya, Nepal, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Yemen, Ukraine and Tunisia.  Related article on

Sujit Choudhry is a scholar who went to Oxford, Toronto and Harvard Universities. When he came out of college, he went to work for the Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Canada as a Law Clerk. After gaining a start-up experience in law and constitutions, he went further to help out countries in turmoil. He created a basis where people could unite and built a lasting peace. His articles help people who do not know well the articles of Canadian Constitution. They educate the citizens on what the constitution says.  Related article here.

Being a writer, he has been writing many articles more than 100; he has written book chapters and reports. Books published are for example, The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, The Oxford Handbook of The Indian Constitution, Constitution Making just to name a few.  Check this on

Sujit Choudhry is the Director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions and he gives thoughts on the problems and shortcomings that can be faced when people are translating the law. Democracy in various countries is important because people are going to have the option to choose a leader of their choice that is going to move good agendas forward. There will be fairness in the system too and that is what people usually fight for.  Relevant article

He believes that when deciding on things that affect the laws, policies that help the whole nation is needed. There will be fast reforms and it is advisable to use case studies before reaching a conclusion.  Additional article on

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End Citizens United Fingers Another Meddler In The 2016 Elections Other Than The Russians

Everyone by now has heard about the much trumpeted “Russian collusion” scandal which has swirled about the 2016 US presidential elections like a dark maelstrom.

Most of the allegations concern a Russian company which bought and paid for a lavish amount of political ads which were then posted on the social media platform, Facebook and were believed to have contributed to the election of Donald J. Trump. This opened up a bevy of investigations into Trump and his cabinet and associates supposed connection to The Kremlin and Vladimir Putin himself.

However, according to, End Citizens United, or ECU – a very well known political action committee, dedicated to overturning the momentous Citizens United v. FEC ruling which allowed dark money pools to overtake the American political process – the Russians are not the only culprits in the meddling which took place during the 2016 elections. Indeed, according to the group, a congregation of various and shadowy Chinese foreign nationals manipulated and abused legal loopholes to donate a substantial amount of money, reportedly a sizable 1.3 million dollars, to none other than presidential candidate Jeb Bush. End Citizens United largely blamed the FEC (The Federal Election Commission) for the meddling, citing their security protocols and legislative measures as “outdated.”

Read more: Activist Investigations Uncover Russian Meddling According to End Citizens United

Though the candidate with the most money does not always win, as was the case with the 2016 election, there is a certain threshold of cash which everyone simply must have to run a viable campaign. Furthermore, it is not just money itself that moves campaigns forwards but also influence peddling and meddling, such as the previously mentioned Russian Facebook ads. In light of these facts, End Citizens United strongly urged the Federal Election Commission to step up to the plate and take responsibility for what they have done to compromise the security of the American electoral process by allowing political contributions to be classified as “speech” which is thus, protected. The Democratic Party have also taken steps to secure the electoral process such as the DISCLOSE act as well as the Get Foreign Money Out of Politics Act and, just like End Citizens United, they also look to overturn the Citizens United v. FEC supreme court ruling that opened the floodgates to begin with in 2010.

The Rise in Medical Care Cost by Eric Lefkofsky

Health care costs in the U.S. have escalated due to patients requiring intensive and expensive medical care. A rise in population and aging are also other factors affecting the costs as demand for health care services prevails. However, mitigation of some diseases has resulted in less need of frequent medical services and thus lowering annual spending.

According to Gerard Anderson, a researcher at Bloomberg School of Public Health, prices of medical care directly results into higher spending. Looking at different diseases, though, there are several factors that lead to individual increase. For diabetes alone, it has the greatest increase in medical care costs, with $64 billion spent yearly. This rise has been facilitated by aging, population growth and high costs of pharmaceuticals along with prevalence of the disease.

Despite best efforts to reduce spending, inpatient care costs have still plummeted even with short hospital stays. Outpatient care for all diseases has also risen as some patients avoid hospitalization. However, the value purchased for the care and pharmaceuticals cannot be justified.

Born in 1969, Eric Lefkofsky is the CEO and co-founder of Tempus – a technology company that provides personalized cancer information by storing clinical and molecular data. He holds a bachelor’s degree in law from University of Michigan. As a businessman, he has co-founded other ventures including Echo Global Logistics, InnerWorkings and Lightbank serving in different roles.

After venturing into business, Eric Lefkofsky commenced a teaching career in Michigan area. Currently, he is an adjunct professor at Chicago University School of Business teaching entrepreneurship and technology-based courses. Eric has also published a book that details how business is affected by technology, titled Accelerated Disruption. He and his wife started Lefkofsky Foundation in 2006. The foundation serves as a charitable trust and supports scientific and educational organizations around the world. With its main focus on children, the foundation has funded over 50 organizations.


Sujit Choudhry Joins Top Constitutional Law Scholars in Offering a Solution to the Catalonia Crisis

With a shared goal of helping to address the current crisis in Catalonia, Sujit Choudhry teamed up with renowned constitutional law scholars. Choudhry and his team wrote an open letter addressed to the Spanish and Catalan governments regarding the ongoing crisis. They advised the two governments to meet and carry out dialogue regarding the constitutional issues that affect them.

The constitutional law scholars also asked the president of Catalonia to organize a referendum with the interests of the Catalan people at hand. As expressed in the letter, the scholars believe that this referendum could show the Catalonian president’s abidance to the process of seceding from Spain. The open letter also advised Spain’s prime minister to come to terms with the fact that the Catalan people desire to have secession.

Sujit Choudhry and his team requested the prime minister of Spain to put a stop to his unfriendly ways of handling the Catalans. The scholars believe that the crisis is likely to be intensified by the cruelty of the Spain government towards the Catalans. They are certain that the crisis can be stopped when the two governments agree to peacefully engage in a constitutional dialogue with the interests of the Catalans at hand. Zoran Oklopcic, Robert Howse, and Asanga Welikala were among the constitutional law scholars that Choudhry teamed up with to write the letter.   Read more of his views on politically related issues in this link on

About Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry lectures on constitutional law at the famed University of California Berkeley. With extensive experience in politics and comparative constitutional law, he is credited as the Center for Constitutional Transitions’ founding director.  More to read on   The Center for Constitutional Transitions is on the verge of gathering knowledge to construct constitutions. Constitutional experts operating from different parts of the world research policy options on behalf of this institution. Continue reading on

Sujit Choudhry oversees the entities affiliated with the Center for Constitutional Transitions that carry out studies on constitution making. These entities include non-governmental organizations, universities, multilateral organizations and think tanks. Besides his involvement with the United Nations Mediation Roster, Choudhry is a World Bank Institute consultant. He has provided expert advice to foreign dignitaries of Libya, Nepal, South Africa, and Yemen on constitution making. For updates on his recent timeline activities, hit this.

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Sujit Choudhry, world-renowned Constitutional Expert Explains Constitutional Reform

On July 10, Sujit Choudhry held a meeting with fellow constitutional experts in Kiev discussing the shortcomings of the semi-presidential system of the Ukrainian Government. Some of the issues discussed include the concentration of presidency powers, the electoral system of the legislature and the strength of political parties. Sujit Choudhry is a Director at the Center for Constitutional Transitions. The workshop was organized by reputable policy-making organizations in Ukraine including the international institute for democracy and electorate assistance and the center of policy and legal reform. Other intergovernmental organizations that support democracy worldwide were also present.

Sujit Choudhry was not the only notable participants at the workshop, other renowned people who attended the workshop include Thomas Sidelius of Dalarna University, Sumit Bisarya of International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), Vladimir Vasilenko of Ukraine Human Rights representative, Sergyi Holovatyi of Ukraine’s constitutional commission, Viktor Musiaka, the president’s representative in the supreme court, and Ihor Koliushko of the center for policy and legal who also happens to be a former member of parliament and an advisor of the president. Sujit Choudhry said that it was important for the constitutional reform leaders to consult widely especially in transitional democracies.  Additional article to read on

Who is Sujit Choudhry?

Sujit Choudhry was born in 1970 in New Delhi India. Choudhry, the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law and the University of California at Berkeley Law School, is a well renowned comparative constitutional law expert and scholar. Born in New Delhi, India in 1970, Choudhry was the first Indian-American dean at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law. Choudhry was so passionate about studying law that he left his biological studies at McGill University and went to study Bachelors in Law at the University of Oxford. He later went to Harvard School of Law where he graduated with a Masters in Law.  For updates on his latest timeline activities, hit

With his immense expertise in the field of Constitutional Law, Choudhry has helped several countries including Libya, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Ukraine, Egypt, and South Africa in their constitutional making process. To read more about his advisory works, check this.   He is the director the Center for Constitutional Transitions, an organization with that works experts from around the world dealing with policy formation on constitutional and political affairs.  Related article on

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Sujit Choudhry attends a workshop in Kiev, Ukraine to give his views on the country’s presidential system

Sujit Choudhry is a renowned expert in the field of the constitution and comparative law. He is highly qualified and performs his duties professionally with a high success rate. He has written and published a lot of work in this field. Sujit has traveled to many countries where he researches different constitutions, especially on emerging democracies in Africa and Asia. Sujit is one of the most influential figures in the area of constitutional law, and he has offered his expertise to many countries.  Refer to for more reading.

In the last decade, Sujit has helped in the drafting and negotiating constitution for several countries in Asia, Africa, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Nigeria and many others. Sujit teams up with other legal and constitutional experts who assist him in offering the best services to the countries that he visits. These experts are members of Constitutional Transitions, an organization where Sujit serves as the Director.  Read his views and insights in this interview, check this.

The main aim of the Constitution Transitions is to bring together legal and constitutional experts to help in drafting, reviewing and negotiating constitutions. His colleagues highly respect Sujit due to the immense experience, expertise, and professionalism that he puts in his work. This is also what sets Sujit apart as the leader in the industry.   Related article on

Sujit Choudhry is a visionary leader who has transformed the Constitution Transitions into a reputable organization offering constitution solutions to emerging democracies. Sujit has utilized his experience in the constitution negotiation for the betterment of constitutional systems across the world. Having worked in numerous emerging democracies, Sujit understands the challenges facing them and therefore stands at a better position to offer solutions.

Earlier this year, Sujit joined other experts in Ukraine where they attended a workshop that was held in Kiev. The main aim of hosting the workshop was to discuss the various challenges facing Ukrainian presidential system and how they can be solved.  Additional article to read on

Sujit was among the individuals who were drafting the Ukrainian constitution. As a result, he understands the nuances facing the supreme law of the land and offers a great solution to them. In his speech, Sujit noted that one of the main challenges in the Ukrainian presidential system is the concentration of power in the presidency. Sujit also noted that another challenge facing the country is the weak political parties.  Keep up-to-date with his latest timeline activities, hit

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How Dick DeVos’ Is Involved With The JF Kennedy Center For The Performing Arts

The JF Kennedy Centre for Performing Arts has been a beneficiary of many fund drives. This fund drives have enabled the center to exceed its set targets for the capital they needed to set up a construction project. The management was overwhelmingly appreciative of the people and organizations that contributed towards the initiative. The immense support the fundraiser received urged the institution to increase their target to $50 million.


Following an official communication from the JF Kennedy Center, the campaign has managed to raise over $135.9 million towards the project. The anticipated plan shall include the riverfront pavilion and walking links that connect the building to the center. Educational halls, staff offices, dining area and the center, are among the many structures that will undergo expansion.


The bid to expand the JF Kennedy Centre for Performing Arts began in 2013. Initially, they set aside a budget of $125 million to see the success of the project. After scrutiny by some state agencies, the amount doubled.


David Rubenstein is one of the most significant contributors towards the JF Kennedy project. Rubenstein served on the center’s board of trustees as the chairman. He started the fundraiser with a bid that no one has matched ever since.


Another significant contributor to the JF Kennedy Center is businessman Dick DeVos. Dick and his wife Betsy DeVos run a family charity called The Dick and Betsy DeVos Foundation. Through the foundation, Dick contributed a sum of$1 million towards the JF Kennedy project.


Dick DeVos is a committed philanthropist based in the United States. In partnership with his wife, Dick has always participated actively in philanthropic programs. He has dedicated most of his life towards aiding the society. His career in the corporate world was shaped previously while Dick was working at prominent companies such as Windquest Group. He later on served at Amyway as a president for about ten years.


Dick DeVos is widely known for his contribution in some community projects. Not so long ago, the entrepreneur established the Education Freedom Fund. The fund has helped give education opportunities to around 4000 students hailing from marginalized communities in the state of Michigan. The businessman in partnership with his wife played a significant role in the establishment of the West Michigan Aviation Academy. The institution is among the few schools that provide quality education in the field of aviation. It offers a rigorous and professional curriculum. The principles employed in the management of the West Michigan Aviation Academy constitute a more significant part of the reforms Betsy DeVos has been pushing in the education sector.


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Online Reputation Management at its Finest

Reputation management is a big thing online. There are a lot of companies and people that are in need of online reputation management and search engine optimization. Social media has become such a big thing in these days. It is hard for any individual to be successful if they are getting blasted for through online reputation management and search engines.


That is why it takes a company like Status Labs to put out fires and keep things under control. This is online reputation management company that has managed to grow because it provides a service that people need once they gain some level of fame. As long as a person or a business is relatively small there is no real danger of social media damage and bad press. Once a person gains some level of fame, however, it becomes much more likely for these people to feel the pressure of social media in the way that can damage a reputation. There are all kind of people on social media with blogs and different types of things that can hurt a person’s reputation.


It makes sense for people to consider the benefits of hiring a company like Status Labs to reduce the damage. A lot of times this all comes down to a Google search or a connection to some social media network. When people are in these positions of power and they have earned a bad reputation it is going to take someone that can clean up the mess that has been done.


It may take the cleaning up of comments that have been made. Other times there may be malicious videos that pose a threat. It is going to be in the best interest of anyone that is trying to guard their reputation to avoid a digital crisis. These are companies like Status Lab that help other companies and high-profile people stay in good standing. It may not always seem like digital media can damage a person if what they are selling is in demand, but it can. A bad reputation can hurt any company and bring down any person regardless of how successful they are. This is why online reputation management is so vital in this day and age of social media and instant access to news on a 24/7 basis. Digital financial communications can help companies build a better image, and Status Labs can do this.


Sujit Choudhry’s Relevance in Modern-day Constitution Making Processes

Sujit Choudhry was part of a team of constitutional experts that met in Kiev to discuss constitutional challenges faced by Ukraine as a country. These experts included Viktor Musiaka, Sumit Bisarya, and Thomas Sidelius. The workshop was supported by intergovernmental and governmental organizations like Ukraine’s Center for Policy and Legal Reform.

Choudhry pointed out that Ukraine needed reforms in its democratization. He mentioned that instability in democratization was caused by weak political parties and the ineffective legislature electoral system in the country. According to him, constitutional making decisions in Ukraine can be made when traditional democracies are involved. He urges constitution makers in the country to borrow from case studies. He believes this initiative would help them collect and discuss ideas for constitutional reforms effectively.   Read a relevant article here.

In the modern world, most scholars in the law field are interested in deciphering constitution-making processes. To understand how constitutions are developed, they usually gather and learn from related articles and case studies. Sujit Choudhry’s role in the Center for Constitutional Transitions is to oversee such research endeavors. As the organization’s director, he oversees the generation and mobilization of knowledge to be used to support constitution building.  Click for added reference.

The Center for Constitutional Transitions also enlisted help from legal experts to achieve policy-based outcomes. These legal experts serve as partners at the organization and assist in setting up workshops and seminars on constitutional matters. The Center for Constitutional Transitions manages to solve numerous democratic, security and constructional hurdles thanks to its experts situated in over 25 nations across the globe.

About Sujit Choudhry

Besides attending a recent workshop in Ukraine, Sujit Choudhry has traveled to Sri Lanka, Egypt and South Africa to discuss constitutional challenges affecting these countries. He’s also credited as one of the constitutional law experts who drafted the Canadian constitutional law. Choudhry is a comparative constitutional law professor at the University of California, Berkeley.   Read more of his works, visit his page.

Sujit Choudhry earned his LLB from the University of Oxford and master’s degree in law from the renowned Harvard Law School. He has written several pieces on constitutional law. In honor of his contributions to modern-day constitution-making processes, the South Asian Bar Association gifted him with the 2011 Practitioner of the Year Award.  More to read on